Japanese photographs

Consists of 48 photographs of daily Japanese life likely taken between 1910 and 1920 including farm work, the selling of goods, and ceremonial activities and dress. The photographs may represent a mass-produced set purchased by Martha Edna Breithaupt while attending the World Sunday School Conference in Osaka, Japan in October of 1920.


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Adults processing rice with child seated at their feet
Adults processing rice with child seated at their feet
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "Processing rice to remove chaff."
Aged farm worker standing in a field
Aged farm worker standing in a field
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "Aged farm worker."
Children watching street food seller
Children watching street food seller
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "Street seller of food. The children's shoes are "geta". The merchant's straw sandals are "waraji". The food is "oden"--eggs, vegetable, fried tofu, seasonings and sugar."
Children wearing Korean costumes over Japanese dress
Children wearing Korean costumes over Japanese dress
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "This appears to be children wearing Korean costumes over their Japanese dress possibly for a festival or a coming-of-age celebration. The dots on their foreheads probably have some significance connected with a shrine (Shinto)."
Children wearing school caps standing on stilts
Children wearing school caps standing on stilts
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "Boys wearing school caps playing on bamboo stilts (takeuma)."
Construction crew erecting log dwelling
Construction crew erecting log dwelling
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "A construction crew erecting a log dwelling using rope pulleys. The mud floor would be pounded hard and flat with wooden weights attached to the ropes. Between the two figures on the right are hanging raincoats of straw."
Crowd outside of a fabric shop
Crowd outside of a fabric shop
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "Crowd in front of a fabric shop (cottons). Sign says "From today--summer wear--bargain sale"."
Farmers working with hay
Farmers working with hay
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "Japanese fanners working on hay. Girl straightening it with rake. The characters (Chinese) on her head wear say in part "Nipon"."
Fishermen mending nets as a child watches
Fishermen mending nets as a child watches
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "Fisherman mending his nets."
Group of smiling children with bell seller
Group of smiling children with bell seller
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "Bell seller. Chimes are usually sold in summer "to make us feel cooler". Chimes are "furin"."
Group standing below workers putting a roof on a residential building
Group standing below workers putting a roof on a residential building
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "Putting a new roof on a residence. It is better insulation than tile but more expensive as it has to be constantly renewed."
Group working to construct a residential building
Group working to construct a residential building
Title based on contents of photo and notes from Kyoko Kawashima., Note from Kyoko Kawashima: "Starting residential construction. Main centre post is put up first."

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